Photo: Impressions of Guimarães
In Guimarães lies the "Cradle of Portugal", as the Portuguese nation was founded here in the 12th century. The 70,000 inhabitants of this northern Portuguese city are proud of their tradition: The historical center with its picturesque old alleys and attractive buildings enjoys special protection from the UNESCO as a "Cultural World Heritage Site." On the "Colina Sa-grada" or "sacred mountain," the palace of the Dukes of Braganca, the Romanesque chapel S. Miguel and the fortress suggest a grand past. The city partnership with Kaiserslautern was ceremoniously sealed in Guimarães in June of 2000 in the presence of Portuguese President Jorge Sampaio.